In , BETA published an article about viral suppression and having an undetectable viral load. A lot has changed since the original article was published. You will need to have your blood drawn for this test, and the test will determine the level of virus in your blood that day. If you are undetectable, and have been on HIV medications for at least six months, and you continue that treatment, the risk of transmitting HIV is effectively zero. This finding has been well-established over the last six to seven years by multiple research studies. After studying thousands of couples, over many years, research has shown that if an HIV-positive person is on effective HIV medications for at least six months, is undetectable, and stays on their HIV medications, they will not transmit HIV to other people. We know this is true from research studies with thousands of episodes of people having anal sex, with many years of follow-up.
Dating as an HIV positive person is liberating thanks to U=U
Being in love, going steady, or even getting married does not automatically protect you from HIV. You can only get HIV from someone who is infected with HIV, and even then only if you are involved in risky activities that can spread the virus. But even people who have sex with only one person can get HIV. There is no risk of transmitting HIV between two people who are both uninfected.
These results were saying that the risk of transmitting HIV from someone who was living with the virus and on treatment to a negative partner was.
The science is in. Questions remain: If you are having sex with condoms do you need to disclose? If you decide to have sex without condoms what is required to ensure you are both safe? I oscillated between having HIV as part of my profile either openly or ambiguously , often attracting negative or patronising comments and some straight out blocking.
If someone did tell me they were accepting of my status, I would ask them how the rest of their family might feel as I was openly living with HIV having chosen to educate to ensure no other woman received such a derailing diagnosis before settling down to have children. This always changed their perspective and still does.
But in this day and age, and considering where I live, online dating seemed like my only option and still is. I waited to disclose until we met face to face. For whatever reason, he was accepting of it and more than willing to go “all the way” with me but in the light of day, decided my HIV was too much for him to contend with. I told him that if we were to proceed, he would need to get tested for everything that could be sexually transmitted before I would consider letting him come near me.
We hung out to see if there was any attraction and decided we would give it a go. Ironically enough, when it came time to perform the deed so to speak, I stopped him in the heat of the moment. We got together one more time then decided to not take it any further after which I had a full STI check-up ready to ensure I was healthy and good to go.
This is what it’s really like dating someone who is HIV-positive
HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. HIV is a retrovirus that infects cells of the human immune system mainly CD4-positive T-cells and macrophages—key components of the cellular immune system and destroys or impairs their function. Infection with this virus results in the progressive depletion of the immune system, leading to immunodeficiency. The immune system is considered deficient when it can no longer fulfil its role of fighting off infection and diseases.
A person living with HIV with a sustained suppressed viral load poses no risk of transmitting HIV.” — Jesse Milan, Jr., President & CEO, AIDS.
HIV medicine lowers the amount of virus viral load in your body, and taking it as prescribed can make your viral load undetectable. If your viral load stays undetectable, you have effectively no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner through sex. Never share needles and other equipment to inject drugs. While we do not yet know if or how much being undetectable or virally suppressed prevents some ways that HIV is transmitted, it is reasonable to assume that it provides some risk reduction.
The current recommendation in the United States is for mothers with HIV to avoid breastfeeding their infants. Treatment is a powerful tool for preventing sexual transmission of HIV. But it works only as long as you keep an undetectable viral load. Consider taking other actions to prevent HIV, like using condoms or pre-exposure prophylaxis PrEP , if you or your partner wants added peace of mind. Taking these other actions can be useful, especially if you. Also use condoms if either partner is concerned about getting or transmitting other STDs.
Getting and keeping an undetectable viral load prevents HIV transmission during sex.
About Undetectable and HIV
Visit coronavirus. To check eligibility and enroll in the program click here. Both are combinations of two anti-HIV drugs in a single pill:. Some people taking PrEP may have side effects, like nausea, but these side effects are usually not serious and go away over time. If you are taking PrEP, tell your health care provider if you have any side effect that bothers you or that does not go away.
If you think PrEP may be right for you, visit your doctor or health care provider.
An HIV-positive person who takes HIV medications correctly and achieves and maintains has no risk of sexually transmitting the virus to an HIV-negative partner.
Telling partners when you are in a relationship Many people find it hard to tell a partner about their HIV status. While some people do react badly to news that their partner is HIV positive, others offer support. The views expressed here are of gay and Black African communities that we interviewed in I have got a girlfriend here. I told her my situation. Showed her my letter of diagnosis… and then she said ah, there’s nothing I can do… you have to use the condoms.
So there’s no problem for me, cos she accepted, I didn’t force her to have intercourse without letting her know, plus… condom was actually… as I said earlier, I just feel it’s better to tell someone. If we go separate ways… we go separate ways. I cannot force her cos what I have is not what she has… As I say, that she accepted, and because… is using a condom, she accepted cos she just feel no, what’s the purpose of disclosing my status when we are using condoms? And normally I use about three condoms.
The HIV-Positive Person’s Guide to Sex and Dating, Part One
This involves knowing the current HIV status of both you and your partner. This is not the same as knowing their status last year, or the last time either of you tested. Two partners having sex without a condom need to trust that neither partner could catch HIV outside the relationship.
By practicing sex with condoms, it’s possible to have a healthy and complete romantic relationship with.
Advocates and implementers alike have recognised the importance of delivering all HIV services in ways that are nonjudgmental and non-stigmatizing. However, it states that HIV-positive men should not be denied male circumcision unless there is a medical reason to do so. This recommendation reflects concern that denying male circumcision on the basis of HIV status could 1 increase stigma experienced by HIV-positive men who are not circumcised, 2 lead to assumptions that circumcised men cannot have the virus, and 3 increase the chances that HIV-positive men will seek surgery from unsafe or poorly trained providers if they are turned away from medical points of service.
For men who test positive, circumcision services offer antiretroviral treatment or referral to these services. There have been three randomised controlled trials of male circumcision for HIV prevention. These studies enrolled HIV-negative men. The results of the Rakai District study in showed male circumcision was safe for HIV-positive male volunteers.
5 Things an HIV-Negative Person Needs to Know When Dating a Positive Person
It’s natural to wonder if safe sex is unnecessary when you and your partner both have HIV. After all, if you don’t have to be concerned about transmitting HIV between each other, that’s one less thing to worry about at a time when your health is already at the forefront of your mind. So what’s the bottom line? Can you take safe sex off your to-do list? Although it may be disappointing to hear, safe sex is essential even when both sexual partners are living with HIV.
Individuals who are living with HIV can also be infected with other STDs, and having the disease can make some of these infections substantially worse.
What is the risk of transmitting HIV through body piercing or tattooing? Having sex with someone living with HIV is safe if the person’s virus is fully advisable to be retested at a later date and to take appropriate precautions in the meantime.
Emma Kaywin, a Brooklyn-based sexual health writer and activist, is here to calm your nerves and answer your questions. No gender, sexual orientation, or question is off limits, and all questions remain anonymous. My partner of eight years and I just went to get tested together, and he came back positive for HIV and I came out negative.
What can I do? Will I definitely get it? And then, getting a different result than your partner can be even harder if it brings issues of jealousy into the mix.